Which is better? Let’s base the answer on the results of various researches and experiments conducted for both beverages for the past years. In such a case, one clear conclusion is that both are beneficial to your health. Just avoid adding sugar and cream though. Let us first look at the compositions that make each drink health.
The main reason why drinking tea is good for you is that the fresh leaves the beverage is made of are a great source of phytochemicals known as catechins. Such substance possesses powerful antioxidant properties. According to studies, tea is one of the best sources of antioxidants. Research conducted particularly on green tea is suggesting that drinking this beverage regularly and adequately can help you lower the risk of getting certain cancers like breast and ovarian, as well as heart disease.
When it comes to coffee, studies and experiments suggest that drinking it may have preventive benefits against diabetes. In particular, at least three cups of coffee every day can lower the risk of developing type 2 diabetes.
Whether decaf or caffeinated, it was found out that coffee contains an antioxidant known as chlorogenic acid. This substance eases inflammation in the body, reduces sugar absorption, and enhances the body’s ability to use insulin, which is an instrumental hormone when it comes to lowering blood glucose or sugar levels. Also, it was determined that magnesium, which is believed to have a beneficial effect on regulating the body’s sugar, is also present in coffee.
However, drinking coffee has drawbacks too, such as the high amount of caffeine that it carries. Tea in its turn has lower levels of this substance. Drinking too much coffee can result in sleep disruptions as well as depriving your bones of calcium. Pregnant women could also face an increased risk of miscarriage if they drink coffee a lot. That is why women at childbearing age are advised to limit their regular caffeine intake to about 2 cups daily. Another problem that coffee can trigger is heartburn.
Given that information, always consider your particular case when drinking either tea or coffee.
Knowing Your Coffee And Tea
Coffee can include brewed coffees either prepared at home or a coffee house, espresso, and instant coffee. Teas can be green, oolong, and black — gathered from the plant Camellia sinensis, and their herbal types are derived from different parts of various plants and flowers.
Most of the studies and experiments on these beverages are focused on brewed coffee and black, green, or oolong teas. Both contain substantial amounts of caffeine. However, teas have a lower amount compared to coffee. A cup of black tea could have 47 mg of caffeine while a regular cup of brewed coffee can contain about 95 mg – 128 mg of caffeine.
But, caffeine can have its benefits too, especially in enhancing people cognitive abilities. For example, adults who have attention deficit hyperactivity disorder could be helped by the caffeine present in tea enhancing their ability to focus thus improving their self-confidence.
Meanwhile, there was a study published in the Medical Hypotheses journal that suggested that coffee may also help reduce the risk of developing dementia later in life even more than tea.
Both coffee and tea are also believed to have a protective effect on developing diabetes, which is an ailment that can lead to serious illness, vision impairment, increased incidence of skin infections, and nerve damage. According to a 10-year study published in the “British Journal of Nutrition,” participants who drank the most coffee had a reduced risk of developing diabetes while green or black tea drinkers did not increase their risk of developing diabetes. The researchers linked the result to antioxidants present in the coffee rather than caffeine though.
Drinking tea may be good for the body’s immune system more so than coffee. In a study published in the “Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences,” it was shown that when the researchers exposed the tea drinkers to germs, the group had a stronger immunological response compared to coffee drinkers. It is also suggested that drinking black tea rather than herbal teas or green tea is more likely to bring this result.
What to choose?
After looking at those different attributes, can we have a definitive answer now? Unfortunately, the answer is still “it depends.” Here are some particular instances.
If you need a kick or jolt of energy, you’ll need a cup of coffee. According to experts, it only takes about 10 minutes for the body to feel caffeine’s effects, which include making the body release hormones that keep you active and boosting the heart rate and blood pressure. Though both have caffeine, coffee has more content.
If you want to stay healthy, then both choices are good. As pointed out earlier, a regular intake of about 4 cups of coffee lowers the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by about 30 percent. In addition to that, skin cancer risk will be lowered by 9% for men if they have at least three cups of coffee daily.
As for tea, particularly green tea, its antioxidants can aid in repairing a weak immune system and prevent viruses from reactivating. Green tea also has plenty of catechins, which are potent antioxidants that could help prevent prostate cancer.
For those who want to lose weight, a cup of tea will be your choice here. According to a recent American Journal of Clinical Nutrition review, drinking green tea on a daily basis could remove about an inch off your waistline in 12 weeks given that antioxidant and caffeine in green tea can help shrink fat cells and makes muscle cells more active.
Those who are looking to gain muscle, a cup of coffee will be better according to a study in Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise. Those who drank 2,5 cups a few hours before working out could sprint 9 percent longer because caffeine can stimulate muscles.
If you want to boost or improve your mood, a cup of tea will be the choice here. If coffee is associated with giving people a jolt of energy, tea has is known for calming nerves. For example, jasmine and lavender tea drinkers experience a decreased heart rate by merely smelling their tea. That observation was discussed in a recent study published in the European Journal of Applied Physiology.